SNMP, the Simple Network Management Protocol, is a protocol used to remotely manage the nodes on a TCP/IP network. It is used for the transfer of network Management information between two or more Network Management Systems (NMS), network entities or nodes.
When management systems exchange information using the SNMP protocol, they are actually sending SNMP messages, whereof some also are called SNMP Traps. Each SNMP Trap is a separate package of binary information. These SNMP Traps are sent to user-defined Trap Destination (e.g. node or work station addresses). Several Trap Destinations can be grouped in a Community.
- Standardised: SNMP is the standard management protocol for TCP/IP Networks
- Universal supported: SNMP are supported by all main TCP/IP vendors
- Portable: SNMP operates independent of Hardware and Operating Systems
- NMS Interoperatility: SNMP provides communications with other NMSs through a standard protocol